This is an magnificent oasis near Libya, in western Egypt, 300 km south of the Mediterranean sea. A must-see location for all who go to Egypt, the Bedouins here have a unique culture and the dunes are great for sandboarding, not to mention the fresh water lakes, the large salt lakes that make you float like the dead sea, and the sulfur baths...
The Oracle of Amon is remembered for being visited by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, when he was seeking confirmation to know if he was the son of Zeus (whom the Greeks associated with the Egyptian Amon). Nobody knows what the oracle told Alexander, the answer was whispered into his ear, but it's supose Amon confirmed to him the deity.
The actual temple is so small, but the entire setting is like out of a fantasy novel
In the center of siwa, you'll find a nice skyline of the ruins of Shali. It dates back to the 13th century.
The building material was kershef, a mixture of salt and clay.
Shali is supposed to have risen 60 metres above the ground level of the oasis, helped by the two mountains here. It must have been a fabulous sight. It still is, but none of 5 story houses still stand.
Gebel al-Mawta or Mountain of the Dead is near the center. You can go walking or using a donkey charriot. In the second war world the inhabitants of Siwa hided themselves in this mountain during three years. They found a big necropolis.The rock-cut tombs found here date from the 26th dynasty through the end of the Roman era and all bear resemblance to ancient Egyptian burial practices. It has beautifull frescos.
Gebel Dakrur lies 4 km east of town. The water table is deep down, so the surrounding area is dry and believed to be quite healthy. This is where people suffering from rheumatism come for curative sandbaths, and it’s also where Siwans used to camp out in the summer for a week of eating garlic (see “Siwan Medicine”).